One of the most common types of arthritis that affect humans is rheumatoid arthritis. This form of arthritis is caused by an autoimmune condition and when you have rheumatoid arthritis, your immune system will attack the joint tissues of the body. There can be many symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and the main symptoms are joint inflammation, pain, and redness.
Reducing inflammation is the main goal of the medications used in rheumatoid arthritis treatment. Blocking the inflammation will help in preventing the joint damage caused by this condition. Let’s take a look at some of the medications that are commonly used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Janus-Associated Kinase Inhibitors
These medications can affect your genes and the immune cell in your body. JAK inhibitors will reduce inflammation and prevent joint damage. Baricitinib and tofacitinib are the two common Janus-associated kinase inhibitors. It is important to note that these medications may cause some side effects like runny nose, sore throat, headaches, diarrhea, congested nose, etc.
DMARDs And Biologics
DMARD stands for disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and they are used mainly for reducing the inflammation levels in your body. Biologics will help in blocking some of the inflammatory pathways that are made by your immune cells and reduce the inflammation caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Biologics are normally recommended when DMARDs cannot alleviate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis alone.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, are the most common drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. NSAIDs are more effective than other pain relievers in alleviating rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. You should also note that NSAIDs can cause some side effects like ulcers, stomach bleeding, stomach irritation, kidney damage, etc.
You can buy acetaminophen from a pharmacy without the prescription of a doctor. It is most commonly used as an oral drug, but it also comes as a rectal suppository. It is important to note that acetaminophen does not have any anti-inflammatory effects but can effectively reduce the pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Opioid Pain Drugs
These are the strongest pain medication available in the market right now. Therefore, you can only buy them with a doctor’s prescription. Opioid pain drugs are often used by rheumatoid arthritis patients who are experiencing severe pain in joints. You should only use these drugs with the supervision of a doctor.